Product carbon footprinting

Product carbon footprinting is the process of quantifying the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with the life cycle of a product (i.e. a good or service). This involves setting a boundary for the extent of assessment, collecting data for processes and activities within this boundary, calculating associated GHG emissions and reporting the carbon footprint to stakeholders.

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Life cycle assessment (LCA)

Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a method used to quantify the environmental impact associated with a product over its entire lifecycle. It differs from product carbon footprinting in that it quantifies multiple environmental categories, for example, resource depletion, ecotoxicity, ozone layer depletion and acidification. Social impacts can also be considered within an LCA, such as child labour, discrimination and cultural heritage.

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